Cinco libros sobre la historia de la comuna latinoamericana, por George Ciccariello-Meher

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Bonita sorpresa encontrar a mi libro sobre Tupac Amaru aquí en esta lista. Euclides da Cunha, José Carlos Mariátegui, Adolfo Gilly, y Gutiérrez Aguilar—que buena companía. El peso histórico de la Comuna de París es enorme y volver a revisar su larga historia, incluso con antecedentes como la rebelión de Tupac Amaru, siempre vale la pena.

Muy agradecido a George Ciccariello-Maher y la gente de Verso Books.

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Obituary of Arnold J. Bauer (1931-2015)

arnie_cabeceraArnold J. Bauer—Arnie to just about everyone—passed away on July 30, 2015, after a sudden case of meningitis. He left a huge community of friends and family who valued his sense of humor, passion for conversation, and loyalty. He contributed to Latin American history through wide-ranging and engaging publications and his work as a teacher and mentor in the United States and Chile.

Arnie grew up on a farm in northeast Kansas, the subject of his acclaimed memoir, Time’s Shadow: Remembering a Family Farm in Kansas (2012). The question of how people worked the land, organized themselves, and related to broader society underlay much of his work. The US Air Force took him to Morocco in 1953, sparking an interest in travel and language and a distrust of US Cold War rhetoric and policies. The GI Bill allowed him to study in Mexico (at what became the Universidad de las Ame´ricas), the beginning of his fascination with Latin America (1). After several years of unsatisfying work as a salesman and bohemian life in San Francisco (he held a cocktail party to celebrate the Cuban Revolution), he entered graduate school at UC Berkeley in 1964. (He was initially turned down but talked his way in with the aid of James King.) He fell in love with Chile when conducting research there, a romance that continued to the end of his life. He taught at UC Davis from 1970 until retirement in 2005 and ran the University of California program in Santiago, Chile, for five years.

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Review of The Tupac Amaru Rebellion, by Timothy Anna

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The Tupac Amaru Rebellion was the largest indigenous uprising ever to occur in colonial Spanish America, and Charles F. Walker provides here the first accessible full account in English. He extends the dates of coverage from 1780–1781 to include up through 1783, tracing the latter phases of rebellion after Tupac Amaru himself had been executed. This allows discussion not only of the uprisings around Cuzco but also in the southern regions around Lake Titicaca and La Paz in Upper Peru (Bolivia) and the closely related rebellions led by Tomás and Tupac Katari in that area. Walker argues that as the rebellions went on, both rebels and the royalist resistance became increasingly violent as restraints eased or disappeared. While initially Tupac Amaru sought a multi-ethnic following, as time passed the uprising became increasingly indigenous, targeting creoles and mestizos. Walker repeats the estimated death toll of 100,000 (out of a total population of 1.8 million in the viceroyalty of Peru), making this the second most bloody plebeian revolution in the Americas (after Haiti).

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Reseña a La Rebelión de Tupac Amaru, por Víctor Condori Condori

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Desde la publicación en habla inglesa, del libro de Charles Walker (abril 2014) sobre la rebelión de Túpac Amaru por Harvard University Press, la aparición en castellano del mencionado libro, bajo la dirección del Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, amenazaba con convertirse en uno de los sucesos académicos más esperados, por historiadores, conocedores y aficionados de la Historia del Perú, durante el año 2015. No era para menos.

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Bibliografía sobre la rebelión de Tupac Amaru (Oxford Bibliographies)

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Contento ya que salió mi bibliografía sobre la rebelión de Tupac Amaru en Oxford Bibliographies. Es un formato un poco especial, con categorías que pueden parecer caprichosas, con cantidad de palabras limitadas, y cierta preferencia para las obras en inglés (el mercado es el alumno universitario norteamericano, a pesar de las pretensiones globales de Oxford University Press). Ya que mi libro La Rebelión de Tupac Amaru, no tiene una sección dedicada a la historiografía (está en parte en las citas), espero publicar esto pero en una versión más completa en castellano en los próximos meses.

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Prólogo a “Ezequiel Urviola y el indigenismo puneño” (2016)

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Agradezco la oportunidad de poder escribir estas palabras dado que Augusto Ramos Zambrano ha sido un autor fundamental en mis estudios sobre las rebeliones en el siglo XVIII. Es un investigador que aprecio y leo mucho (términos que son sinónimos en el mundo de los libros). Mientras escribo esta líneas, tengo a la mano Puno en la rebelión de Tupac Amaru (Puno: Universidad Nacional del Altiplano, 1982) que compré en 1989 en una librería en la plaza de armas del Cuzco que ya no existe. La edición es rústica pero bonita, con la tipografía al estilo de máquina de escribir y un papel grueso característico de esa época. Con los años, es ya un libro subrayado y con apuntes míos al final y en los márgenes. Simplemente, es el mejor estudio que tenemos sobre la zona de Titicaca (va más allá de Puno) durante la rebelión de Tupac Amaru. Con más de tres décadas después de haber sido publicado, bien merece una reedición. La obra de Ramos Zambrano está muy presente en mi libro reciente La rebelión de Tupac Amaru (Lima: Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, 2015).

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Reseña de The Tupac Amaru Rebellion & Revolution in the Andes, por Marcela Echeverri

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Revolution in the Andes:The Age of Tupac Amaru. By Sergio Serulnikov. Durham: Duke University Press, 2013. Pp. xvi, 159. Illustrations. Maps. $79.95 cloth; $22.95 paper.

The Tupac Amaru Rebellion. By Charles F. Walker. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2014. Pp. 347. Illustrations. Maps. $29.95 cloth.

The Tupac Amaru rebellion was one of the most significant events in the history of the Spanish empire. It was the first symptom, and a massive one, of an emerging crisis of Spanish rule in the Americas at the end of the eighteenth century. The rebellion began in 1780 in Chayanta, a rural village in northern Potos´ı, and during the following three years expanded northward, encompassing the region around Lake Titicaca, between the cities of Cuzco and La Paz. Its regional evolution reveals a vital web of political relationships among the Aymara and Quechua indigenous people. It also speaks of the significance for Spanish rule of native political expectations and practices in the Andes at the end of the eighteenth century. The two books under review here, recent works by Sergio Serulnikov and Charles Walker, are impressive evidence that the historiography on this rebellion has expanded in new directions in recent decades.

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Reseña de La Rebelión de Tupac Amaru, por Sergio Miguel Huarcaya

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La rebelión de Tupac Amaru de Charles Walker es la traducción y revisión del original en inglés publicado en 2014. En el prólogo de la edición en español, Walker confiesa que después de escribir De Tupac Amaru a Gamarra: Cuzco y la creación del Perú republicano, 1780-1840, él rechazó las propuestas de varios editores pidiéndole una historia síntesis de solo Tupac Amaru, ya que estaba «convencido de que no tendría nada original que decir y que podría caer en una historia poco seria» (p. 11).

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Review of The Tupac Amaru Rebellion, by Eric Van Young

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As the Spanish colonial regime approached its end in the Americas, two great political uphea-vals shadowed the thinking of many among the independence- or autonomy-minded Creole elite there, as well as among royalist groups—the Tupac Amaru rebellion in the Andean region (1780–1783) and the Hatian Revolution (1791–1804). Although very different movements in their origins, social composition, political discourse, and outcomes, both these uprisings were characterized by extreme collective and military violence, and both raised the specter of a caste war that might erupt (and in some cases did) within the independence movements.

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